Information of the region

Chukotsky Autonomous (until 1980— National) Region was founded on December 10, 1930. Itassumed autonomy on June 17, 1992, which was acknowledged in 1993 by the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation.

Chukotsky Autonomous Region’s area is721,5 thousand km2, which constitutes 4,2% ofthe Russian Federations territory and 11,7% ofthe territory ofthe Far Eastern Federal Region.

The region covers the area between the low flows of Kolyma River in the west and Cape Dezhnyov on the Chukotka Peninsula, as well as the islands of Wrangel, Aion, Arakamchechen, Big Diomede, Herald and others. Chukotka shares terrestrial borders with Yakutia (Sakha Republic), Magadan Oblast and Kamchatka Krai. Chukotka isseparated from Alaska (USA) bythe Bering Strait.

Chukotsky Autonomous Region isthe northeastern end ofEurasia and the wedge between the Pacific and the Arctic Oceans. Itiswashed bythe East Siberian, the Chukchi and the Bering Seas.

Chukotka isbordered by Cape Rubicon in the south (62°N), Cape Shelagsky in the north (70N), the left bank ofthe Omolon River low flows (158N) in the west andCape Dezhnev, which isalso the eastern extremity ofRussia and the entire Eurasia, in the east (170W).

The majority ofChukotkas territory belongs tothe eastern hemisphere, the Chukotka Peninsula lies inthe western hemisphere and about half ofits territory liesbeyond the Arctic Circle.