Information of the region
Chukotsky Autonomous (until 1980 — National) Region was founded on December 10, 1930. It assumed autonomy on June 17, 1992, which was acknowledged in 1993 by the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation.
Chukotsky Autonomous Region’s area is 721,5 thousand km2, which constitutes 4,2% of the Russian Federation’s territory and 11,7% of the territory of the Far Eastern Federal Region.
The region covers the area between the low flows of Kolyma River in the west and Cape Dezhnyov on the Chukotka Peninsula, as well as the islands of Wrangel, Aion, Arakamchechen, Big Diomede, Herald and others. Chukotka shares terrestrial borders with Yakutia (Sakha Republic), Magadan Oblast and Kamchatka Krai. Chukotka is separated from Alaska (USA) by the Bering Strait.
Chukotsky Autonomous Region is the northeastern end of Eurasia and the wedge between the Pacific and the Arctic Oceans. It is washed by the East Siberian, the Chukchi and the Bering Seas.
Chukotka is bordered by Cape Rubicon in the south (62°N), Cape Shelagsky in the north (70°N), the left bank of the Omolon River low flows (158°N) in the west and Cape Dezhnev, which is also the eastern extremity of Russia and the entire Eurasia, in the east (170°W).
The majority of Chukotka’s territory belongs to the eastern hemisphere, the Chukotka Peninsula lies in the western hemisphere and about half of its territory lies beyond the Arctic Circle.